Middle Ages

Example of medieval farming

Feudalism and the role of villages in the early middle ages

Feudalism, in a stricter sense, represents a system of rights and obligations that is founded on the ownership of land, and the personal relations...

Carolingian Dynasty (714-768)

Charles Martel (714 – 741) Pepin of Herstal died in 714 after uniting the Frankish state. His son Grimoald II died during Pepin’s lifetime. Nevertheless,...
Miniature of Charlemagne and four kings in Poems and Romances (the 'Talbot Shrewsbury book'

Charlemagne or Charles the Great (768 – 814) – King of...

Pepin the Short died in 768. Shortly before his death he decided that his son Charles would rule over Austrasia and Neustria, while his...
Statue of Luivigild in Madrid. Photograph: Luis Garcia

The Visigoths in Hispania, Kingdom of Toledo (555-633 AD)

The Visigoths were mostly pushed out of Gaul by the mid-6th century, and their interest shifted to the Iberian Peninsula. The peninsula was inhabited...
Statue of Visigothic king Ataulf.

Visigothic Kingdom (410-510 AD)

King Alaric I was succeeded by his son or cousin Ataulf (410-415). He led his people out of Italy and settled in Gaul, where...
Illustration of Hijrah

Prophet Muhammad (570-632)

Islamic prophet Muhammad, was born in Mecca about 570 AD. He belonged to the tribe of the Quraysh, who had long been guardians of the...

Development of Charlemagne’s state

Charlemagne (Charles) was tall and strong; he was fond of physical exercises, hunting and was no heavy drinker. He spoke Frankish, Latin and a...
Illustration showing Alaric in Athens 397 AD by Ludwig Thiersch from the book "Great men and famous women" 1894.

Alaric I (395-410) the first King of the Visigoths

Alaric descended from the aristocratic Balti dynasty. He gained his military abilities at the court of Roman Emperor Theodosius. The Visigoths united after the...
Map of Pre-Islamic Arabia

Introduction to Arab history (6th century)

Arabia, is a peninsula between the Persian Gulf, Indian Ocean, and the Red Sea. Arabia forms the connection between Asia (by the dry plains...
Medieval castle

Periodization of the European Middle Ages

Picture of the European Middle Ages or Medieval history is founded on several, deeply held fallacies. The first and foremost is that the European...
Migrations of the Visigoths and Ostrogoths

Beginning of Visigoths migration (4th century AD)

The Visigoths were a part of the Gothic tribe; they left Scandinavia and settled on the Baltic coast of what is nowadays Poland. Tacitus,...
Portrait of Ostrogothic king Totila (541-552) by painter Francesco Salviati (XVI century)

The Ostrogoths (526-544 AD) and their war against Eastern Roman Empire

Athalaric, the grandson of Theodoric the Great, was the supposed successor on the throne as king in Italy. But, since he was not of...

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