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Ancient Rome

Bust of Hannibal discovered in Capua

Hannibal’s Invasion of Italy

Leaving Spain in 218 BC, Carthaginian general Hannibal led a formidable army over the Alps during the treacherous winter in order to invade Italy...
Palaestra-Stabian thermal baths

Thermal baths in ancient Pompeii

The five large thermal baths in ancient city of Pompeii show us how much the bathing culture was developed in the ancient Roman society. Bathing...
Ruins of Pompeii from old postcard.

Pompeii, ancient city

The area of the ancient city Pompeii was firstly inhabited by the Neolithic population of the Campania who spoked Osci or Oscans language. The...

Rome and Carthage Compared

Rome and Carthage differed in many ways including social, cultural, religious, and military aspects yet the final Punic War determined which power would survive....
Map of ancient Ostia from Vatican Museum gallery. Photo by [Ken Trethewey, 2003]

Ancient Roman Port-City Ostia

For almost six hundred years, the Roman port of Ostia served as the chief conduit of trade between Rome and the rest of the...
Bust of Emperor Claudius from Naples National Archaeological Museum

Claudius, Roman Emperor (41-54 AD)

Tiberius Claudius Drusus was born in Lugdunum (Lyon) in Gaul on August 1, 10 BC, according to historical sources, as the second son of...

Ancient roman games as a killing machine for wild animals

The games in the Roman arenas were above all a huge killing and extermination machine for wild animals. It was not the gladiatorial fights,...

Circus Maximus in ancient Rome

The Circus Maximus was considered the largest and most famous circus complex in the ancient world. First and foremost, chariot races were held in...
Portrait of Cicero from Capitolini Museum. Source: en.museicapitolini.org/collezioni/percorsi_per_sale/palazzo_nuovo/sala_dei_filosofi/ritratto_di_cicerone

Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BC)

Cicero (philosopher, lawyer, statesman and rhetorician) was born 106 BC in Arpinum (now Arpino) in Lazio, a region that was also the home of...
Battle of Actium, interpretation by painter Lorenzo A. Castro (XVII century)

Naval Battle of Actium

The battle of Actium ended the Second Triumvirate and shifted the power base of Roman rule of the Mediterranean to the West. Octavian’s subjugation...
Londinium Bridge (Museum of London)

Ancient Britannia under the Roman rule and development of Londinium

From the reconnaissance of Julius Caesar in 55 BC, to what is called the "Saxon Advent" in 49 AD, the lands of England, Scotland...
Etruscan sarcophagus example

Etruscans

Origins of the Etruscans Etruscans period in the Italy history began around the VIII century BC.  There are three theories about the Etruscans origin: The...

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