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Middle Ages

Statue of Otto I in Meissen Cathedral )or Church of St John and St Donatus) in Saxony.

Saxon dynasty in Medieval Germany

During the period of dissolution of the Carolingian Empire and after agreement in Verdun 843, Carolingian Empire was divided between Charles the Bald, Louis (Ludwig) the German...
Edmund II Ironside and Cnut the Great

Cnut the Great as King of England (1016-1035)

Cnut, or Canute, was the first Danish King of all England (1016-1035). Cnut was the King of Denmark from 1018 until 1035 and he...
Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris. The total surface area of Cathedral within interior an exterior is 5,500 m². Photo credited by Michael Streich

Gothic cathedrals

The rise of the Gothic form began in the mid 12th century. Gothic cathedrals, often taking decades to construct, began to appear in cities and...
The names of the Rashidun caliphs inscribed at the dome of Yeni Mosque in Eminönü, Istanbul.

Rashidun Caliphate in the 7th century

After the death of Prophet Muhammad in 632 AD came to the forefront of the Muslim community first Abu Bakr (632-634) and later Umar (Omar)...

Cathars or Albigensians in Middle Ages

The term Cathars comes from Greek word katharoi which means the pure ones. Cathars were also usually known as Albigensians because the city Albi in southern...
Paint represent assassination of Alboin, King of the Lombards by artist Charles Landseer (1799–1879).

Lombards (5-7th century)

The Lombards or Langobards were an Eastern Germanic tribe. Their presence was in southern Scandinavia. In the 1st century AD they were mentioned as...

Medieval Gardens

Gardens played important role in the Middle Ages. Although plantations of the gardens have taken place much earlier, many sources suggest that garden culture...

Belisarius-Byzantine general during the reign of Justinian

The Byzantine Emperor Justinian (527-565) restored the Byzantine Empire to greatness. However, the emperor had help from one of the greatest general by Flavius Belisarius....

Moors in Spain (VIII-XI century)

The term "Moors" refers primarily to Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb (arabian  al-Maɣréb and on Berber language Tamazɣa or Tamazgh). Although Moors and Berbers are often synonym...
The page of Codex Manesse (from beginning of the XIV century) showing Wolfram von Eschenbach and his squire.

Role of a Squire in the Middle Ages

The squire was a young servant to a knight and someone who one day hoped to become a knight himself. The job of squire...

Everyday Life in the Middle Ages (short facts)

Europe experienced a transformation after the fall of the Roman Empire. This transformation was influenced by Roman culture, Germanic-barbarian culture, and early Christianity. Although...

Fall of the Carolingian Empire

After the death of Charlemagne (Charles the Great) in 814 AD the Frankish Empire was faced with serious issues. The Arab conquest has made...

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