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Ancient Greece

Example of Ostraca. Piece of pottery within names of persons who were expelled from Athens.

Ostracism, political practice in ancient Athens

In ancient Athens, there was an unusual method of condemning and banishing important political persons: it was voted by the Athenians in the so-called...

Ruins of Troy

Unlike other ancient ruins along Turkey’s Aegean coast, some of which are both imposing and intimidating, Troy appears the outcast, without imposing temples or remnant pillars soaring...
The Oracle of Delphi

Delphic Oracle and priestess Pythia

The Oracle of Delphi was a Greek center of shrine and predictions in Phocis (Central Greece) under the Mount Parnassus. For nearly a thousand years,...
Athenian-politician-Pericles-in-front-of-the-Assembly-by-painter-Philipp-Foltz-19-century

Democracy of the Ancient Athens

Democracy in Ancient Greece is most frequently associated with Athens where a complex system allowed for broad political participation by the free male citizens...
Lycurgus statue in the Brussels courthouse.

Why did Sparta lose power over time ?

Since the Dorian invasions of Greece in the 10th century BC and the law giving of the possibly mythical Lycurgus, Sparta had been the...
Golden ring around 3.500 years old from grave in Pylos (Greece). Image from: UC Magazine

Rich grave of a warrior or priest from Bronze age unearthed...

Last year (2015) the University of Cincinnaty Magazine (US) and The New York Times announced that international team of archaeologists led by Jack L. Davis...
Ancient Greece Map

Geographical regions of the Ancient Greece

Northern Greece – The main chain of the Pindus Mountains separated Northern Greece on two different climatic regions: Thessaly and Epirus. Thessaly was the largest...
Plaster cast bust of Thucydides from a Roman copy of an early 4th Century BC Greek original. Located at Holkham Hall, but originally from the Pushkin Museum.

Historical sources for the study of Ancient Greece

Logographers wrote different contents of the first prose texts. According to the submission, the oldest logographer was Cadmus of Miletus, the most important was...
According to Greek mythology, the first queen of Crete was Europa. Later on Crete became the land of King Minos. The legend is that the king refused to sacrifice a bull to the gods and Poseidon punished him by making his wife fall in love with a bull. From this union the Minotaur was born and was hid in a labyrinth

Aegean civilizations and Mycenaean culture

Regions of Balkan and Asia Minor that mourn the Aegean Sea and the Aegean islands of Crete were natural geographical entity - Egeida, Aegean...
Ruins of Ephesus

Ancient Greek tribes

Hellenes were divided into tribes: the Ionians, the Aeolians and the Dorians while special mentioned were the Acheans. According to the myth, Hellen (the...
Dipylon Oinchoe inscription. One of the oldest known examples of the Greek alphabet around 750 B.C.

The letter of the ancient Greeks

From 1900th to 1600th BC pictogram or the hieroglyphic writing was used. Linear A has been used since 1700th to 1400th, and Linear B...
Temple of Apollo in polis Syracuse.

The oldest cities (poleis) of the ancient Greece

The ancient Greeks have never formed a common state in which all could join together. Their favorite form of government was the polis (city-state)....

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