Ancient Egypt

Illustration of Ancient Alexandria by painter Maarten van Heemskerck (16 century)

Ancient Alexandria

Situated between the Mediterranean Sea and the Lake of Maryut with easy access to the Canopic branch of the Nile and possessing a double...
Meritamun head and her restored face by Jennifer Mann

The 2,000 year-old mummified head of an Egyptian woman has been...

Using CT scanning and 3D printing technology, team of researchers and forensic scientists, led by the University of Melbourne, has produced a reconstruction of...
Example of the ritual-scene in Book of Dead

Short facts about Egyptian Book of the Dead

Book of Coming Forth by Day, or what we call The Egyptian Book of the Dead , is a set of spells, incantations, and...
Arrow head from neolithic period found in Egypt

Periodization of the prehistory in the Egyptian area

Half a million years ago Nile was much wider. Interglacial period in Europe corresponds to the period of rain in North Africa, due to...
Egyptian hieroglyphs in Luxor

Egyptology

Egyptology as a science was born in 1822. It happened when a Frenchman Jean-François Champollion managed to penetrate into the system of ancient Egypt...
Nile River

Geographical and political conditions for the development of ancient Egypt

Geographical conditions The area where Egyptian kingdom was made is characterized by two crucial components; on one side hot deserts, on the other side a...
Mastaba of Shepseskaf (IV Dinasty) http://narmer.pl/pir/szepses_en.htm

Art and architecture of the Egyptian Old Kingdom

After simple structures in archaic era, in the Old Kingdom Egyptians started to buried pharaos  in the pyramids, while other dignitaries (and less ambitious...
Narmer pallete

Age of uniting north and south Egypt and Archaic (Thinis) period...

Pre-dynasty cultures were organized into two groups - Upper and Lower Egypt. Union into one state happened in the 31st century BC; at the...
Pyramids in ancient city Meroe (today in Sudan territory)

Kingdom of Kush and their relations with the Egyptians

Kingdom of Kush was the second African civilization after Egypt built by an Egypt people who lived between the Nile River's first and third...
Ruins of ancient Memphis

The Old Kingdom of ancient Egypt (2.686 – 2.181 BC)

This is a period when Egypt became stronger in all aspects of civilization and transformed into an organized state. The ruler's power is based...
Pyramids in Egypt

Facts about famous Egyptian pyramids

Ancient Egyptians believed that a man is composed of different elements some of which were immortal. Egyptians saw death as termination of life, as...
Scribe palette of the chancellor Orkaukhety, with the cartouche of Merikare.Picture from: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5f/Egypte_louvre_249_palette.jpg/1280px-Egypte_louvre_249_palette.jpg

First Intermediate period of Egypt (2.181 – 2.055 B.C)

Exact reasons for the end of the Old Kingdom are not familiar. It is assumed that the crisis in the country could be caused...

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