Ancient Greece

Map of Greek Colonization

Ancient Greek Colonization

Greeks have moved from their home land at different times and established settlements. Most of Greek settlements were established in the 8th, 7th and...
Detail showing king Menelaus intends to strike Helen. Struck by her beauty, Menelaus drops his swords. Pottery location: Louvre Museum Paris

Spartan Society

Southeastern branch of Peloponnese ending with peninsulas of Malea and Tainaron was the ancient Laconia. Its most productive part was the valley between the...
The structure of Spartan government.

Spartan system of government

According to the legend, from period of the king Lycurgus all existing Spartan laws were grounded. Lycurgus had conceived also political institutions, established after...
Attica Map

Ancient Athens – early politics and government

Attica peninsula, which raised steeply from the Aegean Sea, in the far eastern branch of central Greece. Attica had a field, which provided a...
Releif of Draco. Photo:

Draco and Solon era in Athens (621-593. B.C)

DRACO- Athenians entrusted Thesmothet Draco in 621 BC to write laws. Dracon was the oldest legislator of Athens. Before Dracon law, trials in Athens,...
A part of Peisistratos aqueduct in Athens.

Peisistratos and Cleisthenes era in Athens (561-508. B.C)

Peisistratos (Pisistratus)- after the departure of Solon from Athens, the political struggle was continued. For the government in Athens fought three parties: the party...
Scythia and Persian empire map

The Greco-Persian Wars (First Persian invasion of Greece 492-490 B.C)

Persian emperor Darius I 513 BC. went to Europe. He crossed the Bosporus and invaded Thrace. He then headed north across the Danube and...
A map showing Xerxes invasion of Greece. Source of map: ""

The Greco-Persian Wars (Second Persian invasion of Greece 480-479 BC)

Darius died in 486 BC and was succeeded by his son Xerxes, who had suppressed the rebellion in Egypt and moved to Greece. The...
Athens Acropolis (Citadel)

Athens pentecontaetia

It was a fifty-year period between the Greco-Persian and Peloponnesian wars. In this period, the Athenians have gained dominance in the Aegean Sea, economically...
Peloponnesian war alliances. Map source:

Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C)

In 431 BC began the war between Athens and the Peloponnesian League cities. On the side of Athens were fighting members of Delian-Attic Alliance...
Peloponnesian League and Second Athens league around 377-355 BC

Spartan hegemony (404-371 B.C) after the Peloponnesian War

After the spartan king Lysander defeated Athenian fleet at the naval Battle of Aegospotami in 405 BC, the Athens finally lost the Peloponnesian War. Sparta became...
Orchomenus theatre

Theban hegemony over Greece (371-362 BC)

In Boeotia (region of the central Greece in ancient times known as a large crop area), dozen city-states were established. The most oldest and...

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