TWENTY-FIRST (Tanis) DYNASTY (1069. – 945.)
Tanis is a city in the north-eastern Nile delta of Egypt. Egypt was divided in political and military way, and the illusion of unity is only reflected in the fact that the rulers were not directly called pharaohs but they were the supreme priests and their power was as strong as the pharaoh was.
Smendes takes throne in 1070 BC as one of the few descendants of the Ramesside. Meanwhile the chief priests of Thebes, starting from Herihor, bear the title of Pharaoh, which gives a clear message about the political power of the clergy above the rulers in the north; in Tanis. Recognition of Pharaoh Government took place almost exclusively through dynastic marriages between children of the highest priests of Thebes and Pharaoh children. South Egypt, with the capital at Thebes considered North Egypt as other country.
Amenemnis Noferkare (1043. – 1039.)
Psusennes I (1039. – 991.)
He built temples at Tanis, where they buried rulers of this dynasty. In his grave archeologists discovered cuneiform inscription. Generally, there were strong links with Mesopotamia so Egypt of this period is often mentioned in the Bible. Psusennes’s daughter got married to Herihor’s grandson.
Amenemope, Osorkon I., Siamun, Psusennes II.
Siamun’s daughter was married to the king Solomon. From this dynasty (all the way to 25.dynasty), changes in the techniques of mummification were noticed; they do not used kanopic jars anymore but they return mummified internal organs back into the body.